The second obstetric week is ovulation and conception. The egg, ready to be fertilized, comes out of the ovary. Fertilization will only take place if the sperm meets the egg. What happens next?
The production of hormones by the pituitary gland and ovaries regulates the release of the egg and initiates ovulation.
At this time, the discharge from the vagina is egg white-like, clear and thick. They are called cervical mucus. It is what facilitates the passage of sperm and their filtration.
After fertilization of the egg, these secretions will become transparent, less thick, odorless and colorless, and will soon disappear. On the successful ovulation will also indicate a sharp jump in basal temperature. Within a day, it will drop and return to the same value as before, or even increase.
After fertilization has occurred, the hormonal background in a woman’s body changes dramatically. At the end of the third week of pregnancy, the fertilized egg attaches to the uterine wall. Attachment of the embryo can cause slight painful sensations and be accompanied by a little bleeding.
It is worth remembering that all of the above symptoms are not accurate indicators of pregnancy. The same signs can indicate stress, overheating, overwork. Therefore, there are no signs that guarantee the fact of conception.
General recommendations remain the same as in the first week:
Give up bad habits, do not drink alcohol, eliminate smoking, even passive smoking. Avoid visiting places that smoke.
Do not lift heavy weights, so as not to provoke a miscarriage.
A woman needs to get enough sleep and adequate rest, spend more time in the fresh air.
Do not visit crowded places and those where there is a threat of catching an infection.
Exclude risky for the baby X-ray examinations and uncontrolled intake of medications.
Eat a proper and balanced diet.
If for three days, which is the life span of an unfertilised egg, it does not meet with a sperm, then in the current cycle pregnancy will not occur. But if two eggs mature in the ovaries, even if the difference between them will be a few days, and both of them will be fertilised, then a woman is born with identical twins.